Updated: Apr 12, 2019
Film music first appeared with the invention of cinematography in 1895 by the French Lumiere Brothers Louise and Auguste in Paris. The Film was accompanied by a piano during the screening.
Their father, Antoine, was an art teacher. His sons, Louise and Auguste, were the most hardworking students to whom he taught colors, light, and reflections.
The siblings, who began their first trials in 1894, developed their own devices called Cinematographe.
In 1927, musical age started in cinema history with the movie “The jazz singer” by Warner Bros. There are plenty of dances and songs in the musical films where the sounds are recorded with videophone. Inspired by American musical films, Europeans began making films in this genre.
Shortly after, in America, musical films have been replaced by feature films.
Initially, music was used in places without speech such as silent films. As the music that used in silent movies timed out and most of the studios demanded royalties for the old music, so that new and different music was needed. In a short time, music circles were established and structured. Each of them established orchestras within their own body and hired permanent composers, arrengers, orchestrators, vocal directors and music supervisors. The music circles were not only Hollywood-specific but also the music studios of European countries had music circles. However, there were not many composers in these circles, so especially in England and France, film music was composed by more contemporary composers such as Arnold Bax, William Walton, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Malcolm Arnold, Georges Auric, Arthur Honegger, Sergei Prokofiev, Dimitri Shostakovich.
Nowadays, the highly developed film music industry continues to be developed and renewed by great artists.